Endemic Birds Of Srilanka
As of now 33 identified species of endemic birds in Sri Lanka and most are found in the wet zone. The European winter, November through to April are considered the best months of the year to spot most of these endemics. Dry Zone national parks provide reside “Migrant Birds” in the same period. Kithulgala and Sinharaja forest reserves in the low lands are the two best spots to view a majority of these endemics. Horton Plains National Park, Yala National Park, Kumana National Park and Udawalawe among the best parks.
DAY 01 : ARRIVAL AT COLOMBO, SRI LANKA – COLOMBO
Upon arrival at the Colombo International Airport you will be received by our Naturalist Guide and transfer to a hotel in Colombo for one night.
DAY 02 : NEGOMBO - KITHULGALA
After an early breakfast, leave for Kithulgala. En route visit the Bodhinagala Sanctuary. Bodhinagala is a very reliable site for number of endemics such as Green billed Coucal, Ceylon Spur Fowl, Black – Capped Bulbul, Spot – Winged Thrush, Ceylon Frogmouth. Proceed to Kithulgala and check into the Hotel in Kithulgala for two nights.
DAY 03 : KITHULGALA
Today your naturalist will lead you to Kithulgala which is a resident for many number of endemic birds including the Spot-winged Thrush, Green-billed Coucal, Red-faced Malkoha, Ceylon Grey Hornbill, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Ceylon Spur fowl, Ceylon Rufous Babbler, Ceylon Scimitar Babbler and Ceylon Frogmouth. Mammals include Grizzled Indian Squirrel and Layard's Striped Squirrel.
DAY 04 : KITHULGALA - SINHARAJA
After the breakfast, proceed to Sinharaja Rainforest. The Sinharaja Forest Reserve, the best-known rainforest in Sri Lanka, is well worth a visit from anyone who is interested in the Fauna & Flora of this country. It has been declared a World Heritage Site, because of its unique and high biodiversity.
Sinharaja hosts a variety of birds. Over 147 species have been recorded. This variety of species is possible because of the availability of specific habitats that range from 300 to 1500 meters. There are many endemic birds such as Ceylon Lorikeet ((Loriculus beryllinus), Layard’s Parakeet (Psittacula calthropae), Ceylon Jungle Fowl (Gallus Lafayetti), Spur Fowl (Galloperdix bicalcarta), Ceylon White-headed Starling (Sturnus albofrontatus), Ceylon Wood Pigeon (Columba torringtoni), Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros gingalensis), Spotted-wing Thrush (Zoothera spiloptera), Rufous Babbler (Turdoides rufescens), Brown- capped Babbler (Pelleurneum fuscocapillum), Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush (Garrulax cinereifrons), Ceylon Blue Magpie (Cissa oronata), White Headed Starling (Sturnus albofrontatus), Green-billed Coucal (Centrophus chlororhynchus), Red-faced Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus),Ceylon Hill Mynah or Grackle (Gracula ptilogenys), Serendib Scops Owl and Legge’s Flowerpecker (Dicaeum vincens) are some of the endemic birds found at Sinharaja.
DAY 05 : SINHARAJA
Full day birding at Sinharaja Rainforest.
DAY 06 : SINHARAJA - TISSAMAHARAMA
One morning session at Sinharaja Rainforest. Proceed to Tissamaharama for three nights.
DAY 07 : YALA NATIONAL PARK
Full day game drive in Yala National Park. Yala is known for its density of leopard population. There is also a substantial elephant population along with Spotted deer, Sambar, Wild buffalo, Sloth bear, Jackal, Mongoose, Pangolins and Crocodiles. The bird life comprises over 120 species, and ranges from Lesser Flamingos to Paradise Flycatchers, Crested Hawk Eagles, and Black Bitterns. Outside of the park are several other fascinating birding locations, including the ancient hermitage of Sithulpahuwa.
DAY 08 : BUNDALA NATIONAL PARK
Morning visit to Bundala National Park. The five lagoons of Bundala National Park play host to about 324 species of creatures, great and small. This vast area is ripe for exploration and filled with surprising new discoveries on every journey. It is also the home of about 197 species of bird, of which 58 are migratory.
Afternoon at leisure.
DAY 09: BUNDALA – NUWARA ELIYA
Leave for “Little England” Nuwara Eliya. Rest of the free to walk around the city.
DAY 10: NUWARA ELIYA – HORTON PLAINS
Early morning visit to Horton Plains National Park. The most frequent site of wildlife at Horton Plains are herds of Sambar Deer. Among the other mammals in the park are Strip-necked Mongoose, Long-tailed Giant Squirrel Wild Boar, the endemic Bear Monkey and Toque Monkey, Fishing cat, Otter and
All of the Montane endemics of Sri Lanka are found in Horton Plains. Sri Lanka bush warbler, Dull-Blue flycatcher, Sri Lanka whistling thrush and the yellow-eared bulbul, Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon, Sri Lanka White-eye, Spot-winged Thrush, Dull-blue Flycatcher, Sri Lanka Bush Warbler, Scaly Thrush, Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush, Brown-capped Babbler, Sri Lanka Spur-fowl and Sri Lanka Jungle-fowl. Other highlights are the Himalayan Migrants Pied Thrush, Kashmir Flycatcher & Indian Pitta. Black Bird, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Black Eagle, Jerdon’s Baza, Pied Bushchat, Hill Swallow and Hill Munia.
DAY 11: NUWARA ELIYA – KANDY
After the breakfast visit a tea plantation and then leave for Kandy for one night.
Visit the Kandy Temple and view a cultural show.
Day 12: KANDY - NEGOMBO
Proceed to Negombo, Relax on the beach.
Day 13 & 14: NEGOMBO